ベタの飼い方

ワイルドベタ分類(海外サイトのミラーです)

何種類かですが、ワイルドベタの動く姿を見ることができます。

Betta albimarginata 'Malinau'  KOTTELAT & NG 1994    Photo by Brian Dickson   () Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4-5cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta akarensis REGAN, 1910.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui  ()

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooders, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta aurigans 'Pulau Natuna Besar' TAN & LIM, 2004.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui ()

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooders, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta balunga  HERRE, 1940.  Photo by Zhou Hang  Pictured- male 

Adult fish: 5-5.5 inches (14cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta bellica SAUVAGE, 1884.    Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui  Pictured- male ()

Adult fish: 4-4.5 inches (11cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta breviobesus 'Kapuas'  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.  Pictured- Male.  

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH: 5.8--6.5, soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Betta brownorum WITTE & SCHMIDT, 1992    Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui. Pictured- male ()

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4-5cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

VULNERABLE-1996

Betta burdigala 'Banka' KOTTELAT & NG, 1994    Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui. Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4-5cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta cf. balunga  'Jantur Gemeruh'  Photo by Ed Lines  ()  Pictured - Male.

Adult fish: 5-5.5 inches (14cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta cf. pugnax  'Nias' TAN & NG, 2005 

Adult fish: 2-2.5 inches (6cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta channoides 'Pampang'   KOTTELAT & NG, 1994.    Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui  () Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4-5cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

VULNERABLE-1996

Betta chini 'Borneo' NG, 1993.  Photo by Professor. P. K. L. Ng. Pictured - Male.

Adult fish: 5-5.5 inches (14cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

VULNERABLE-1996

Betta chloropharynx 'Bangka'  KOLLELAT & NG, 1994.  Photo by David Armitage. ()  Pictured - Male

Adult fish: 5-5.5 inches (14cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta coccina 'Sumatra'  VIERKE, 1979.  Photo by Stefan van der Voort. Pictured- Male.  ()  

Adult fish: 2-3 inches (5-6cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder, difficult to keep.  

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta cracens  'Sumatra'   TAN & NG, 2005.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Betta dimidiata 'Kalbar' ROBERTS, 1989.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 2.5-3 inches (6-8cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, difficult to keep. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH: 5.8--6.5, soft, below 100 GH, temp 80-840F(26°-29°C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta edithae 'Bangka' VIERKE 1984.  Photo by Zahar Zararia  Pictured- holding male. 

Adult fish: 3-3.5 inches (8-9cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH: 5.8--6.5, soft, below 100 GH, temp 80-840F(26°-29°C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta enisae  'Borneo' KOTTELAT, 1995    Photo by H. Linke  () () Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 2.5-3 inches (6-8cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH: 5.8--6.5, soft, below 100 GH, temp 80-840F(26°-29°C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta falx  'Sumatra' TAN & KOTTELAT 1998  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui

Adult fish: 3-3.5 inches (8-9cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooders, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. Aquarium Parameters: pH 6-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta foerschi  VIERKE, 1979  Photo by Zahar Zararia  Pictures- male ()

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, difficult to keep. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta fusca 'Indonesia'  REGAN, 1910.  Photo by J. Schmidt  Pictured- Male 

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta gladiator 'Maliau Basin'  TAN & NG, 2005Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, aggressive.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 4.2-4.8: acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

VULNERABLE-1996

Betta hipposideros 'Tanjung Malim, Selangor, Malaysia' NG & KOTTELAT, 1994  Photo by Zahar A. Zakaria ()  Pictured- Male.

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta ibanorum  TAN & NG, 2004   Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui   ()

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta imbellis  LADIGES, 1975.    Photo by Marleen Janson.  ()  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (5cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta lehi  'Sarawak' TAN & NG, 2005  () Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.8: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

ENDANGERED-1996

Betta livida 'Selangor' NG & KOTTELAT, 1992 Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui  )  () Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 2 inches (5cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

VULNERABLE-1996

Betta macrostoma 'Brunei'   REGAN, 1910  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui () Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED- 1996

Betta miniopinna  'Bintin' TAN & TAN, 1994. Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta ocellata 'Borneo: Kalimantan Tengah' TAN & NG, 2005    Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui () Pictured- Male

Adult fish:4-5 inches 12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta obscura 'Borneo: Kalimantan Tengah'  TAN & NG, 2005.   Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui  Preserved specimen 

Adult fish: 4 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water. Temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods

Betta pallida  'Surat Thani, South Thailand'   (formerly B. sp. "Southern Thailand")  SCHINDLER & SCHMIDT, 2004.   Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui  Pictured- Male.  

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water. Temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods

Betta pallifina 'Borneo: Kalimantan Tengah' TAN & NG, 2005Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui   () Preserved specimen - male.

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water. Temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods

Betta patoti   ' East Kalimantan'  WEBER & DE BEAUFORT Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui  () Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water. Temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED-1996

Betta persephone 'Malaysia' SCHALLER, 1986. Photo by Stefan van der Voort  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4-5cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta pi TAN 1998  Photo by Zahar A. Zakaria ()  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 2.5-3 inches (6-7cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta picta 'Java' CUVIER & VALENCIENNES, 1846  Photo by Ed Lines.  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 3-3.5 inches (8-9cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooders, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta pinguis 'Kalbar'  TAN & KOTTELAT, 1998. Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui. ()

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooders, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Betta prima 'Thailand' KOTTELAT, 1994  Photo by J Schmidt.  Pictured- Brooding male

Adult fish: 3-3.5 inches (8-9cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooders, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta pugnax CANTOR, 1850.    Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.   Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water. Temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods

Betta pulchra  'Pontian'  TAN & TAN, 1996. Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.   Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4 inches (10cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water. Temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta raja  TAN & NG, 2005    Photo by Zhou Hang.  ()  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (10-12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water. Temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods

Betta renata TAN 1998  Photo by Zhou Hang.  Pictured- Female

Adult fish: 5-5.5 inches (12-14cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta rubra  'Sumatra'  TAN & NG, 2005  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.   Preserved specimen

Adult fish: 1-1.5 inches (3-4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water. Temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods

Betta rutilans 'Borneo' WITTE & KOTTELAT, 1991.  Photo by Horst Linke.  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4-5cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta simorum 'Jambi'  TAN & TAN, 1996.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui. Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water. Temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods

VULNERABLE-1996

Betta simplex  'Ao Lok'  KOTTELAT, 1994.  Photo by Marleen Janson  ()  Pictured- Displaying Males

Adult fish: 2-2.5 inches (6cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 7.5-8.5:  prefers hard, alkaline water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta smaragdina  LADIGES, 1972.    Photo by Dr Tan Heok Hui. ( Pictured- Male 

Adult fish: 2-3 inches (7cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta sp.BrownBAS2002 (Further classified by Dr Tan Heok Hui  as Betta sp. Kapuas.  Manuscript to be out in 2006)  Photo by Allan Brown.  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive fish, can be kept in a community tank. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5: soft, lightly acidic water, DH 2, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta sp waseri  'Sarawak:Batang Kayan'  Unidentified. Discovered and photographed by Michael Lo.  Found in the habitat of Betta lehi.   ()  Pictured- Male.  

Adult fish: Size unknown, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.8: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Betta splendens 'Thialand' REGAN, 1909. Photo by Jurgen Schmidt  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 2-3 inches (7cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta stigmosa  'Malaysia Terengganu' TAN & NG, 2005.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui. ()  Pictured- Male 

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (10-12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5:  soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods

Betta stiktos 'Cambodia: Mekong drainage' TAN & NG, 2005.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.  Preserved specimen

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  bubblenest builder.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5:  soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods

Betta strohi 'Borneo' SCHALLER & KOTTELAT, 1989.  Photo by Photo by Horst Linke.  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12-13cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, difficult to keep. 

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta taeniata 'Borneo,Sarawak' REGAN 1910  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.  ()  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 3-3.5 inches (8cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5:  soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

VULNERABLE-1996

Betta tomi 'Malaysia; Johore' NG & KOTTELAT, 1994.  Photo by George Libby. ()   Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4 inches (14cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta tussyae 'Pahang' SCHALLER, 1985.  Photo by Kalus Weisenberg  ()   Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4-5cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta unimaculata 'Borneo'  POPTA, 1905  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui. () Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic,  mouthbrooder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5:  soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Betta waseri 'Pahang' KRUMMENACHER, 1986. Photo by Zahar Zararia.  Pictured- Male 

Adult fish: 4 inches (10cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, mouthbrooder, non-aggressive, can be kept in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 4.8-5.5: soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F (22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Macropodus hongkongensis  FREYHOF & HERDER, 2002.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.  Pictured- Female

Adult fish: 2-3 inches (6cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder, non-aggressive fish, easy to keep in a community tank

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, plants

Foods: Omnivorous/ dry foods,  live/frozen foods.

Macropodus opercularis  LINNE, 1758.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.  Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 4-5 inches (12cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder, non-aggressive fish, easy to keep in a community tank

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, plants

Foods: Omnivorous/ dry foods,  live/frozen foods.

LOWER RISK/Conservation dependent - 1996

Malpulutta kretseri ' Sri Lanka'  DERANIYAGALA, 1958.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.  () Pictured - Male.

Adult fish: 2-3 inches (6cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: prefers, soft, lightly acidic water, temp: 71-770 F(22-250C), low light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Omnivorous/ dry foods,  live/frozen foods.

 

Genus:

Parosphromenus, Pseudosphromenus, Trichopsis.

Parosphromenus alfredi, allani, anjunganensis, bintin, deissneri, filamentosus, harveyi, linkei, nagyi, opallios, ornaticauda, quindecim (pka sp mantis mata) , pahuensis, paludicola, parvulus, rubrimontis (pka sp. "Bukit Merah"), sumatranus, tweediei

Pseudosphromenus: cupanus, dayi

Trichopsis: pumila, schalleri, vittata

Parosphromenus allani 'Borneo'  BROWN, 1987.    Photo by Horst Linke   Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water,  temp: 68-720F (18-260C), minimal light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Parosphromenus anjunganensis 'Kalbar' KOTTELAT, 1991.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.  Pictured - male.

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water,  temp: 68-720F (18-260C), minimal light, floor fish, plants.

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Parosphromenus bintin 'Borneo'  KOTTELAT & NG, 1998.    Photo by J. Schmidt   Pictured- Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water,  temp: 68-720F (18-260C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Parosphromenus deissneri 'Indonesia: Bangka'  BLEEKER, 1859.  Photo by Marleen Janson  () Pictured - Male

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water,  temp: 68-720F (18-260C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

ENDANGERED-1996

Parosphromenus harveyi 'Malaysia: Selangor' BROWN, 1987. Photo by Klaus Weissenberg.

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water,  temp: 68-720F (18-260C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Parosphromenus ornaticauda 'Kapuas' KOTTELAT, 1991.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.  Pictured - male.

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water,  temp: 68-720F (18-260C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Parosphromenus pahuensis 'Mahakam'  KOTTELAT & NG, 2005  Photo by Dr Tan Heok Hui.  Pictured - male.

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water,  temp: 68-720F (18-260C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Parosphromenus quindecim 'Kalbar'  (pka Parosphromenus mantis mata).   KOTTELAT & NG, 2005.    Photo by M. Hallman. () Pictured- male.

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water,  temp: 68-720F (18-260C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Parosphromenus rubrimontis 'Perak, Malaysia' (pka sp Bukit Merah) KOTTELAT & NG, 2005.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.  

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 5.8-6.5: soft, lightly acidic water,  temp: 68-720F (18-260C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Pseudosphromenus cupanus 'Sri Lanka' CUVIER & VALENCIENNES, 1831.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.

Adult fish: 2-2.5 inches (6cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, non-aggressive fish, easy to keep in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water,  temp: 71-770F (22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Pseudosphromenus dayi  'Malabar Coast'  ENGMANN, 1909.  Photo by Dr. Tan Heok Hui.  Pictured - male.

Adult fish: 2-2.5 inches (6cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, non-aggressive fish, easy to keep in a community tank.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water,  temp: 71-770F (22-250C), minimal light, floor fish, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods.

Trichopsis pumila 'Thailand' ARNOLD, 1936.  Photo by Alexander Priest.

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770F (22-250C), low light, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

Trichopsis schalleri 'Thailand' LADIGES, 1962.  Photo by Alexander Priest.

Adult fish: 1.5-2 inches (4cm) in length, sexually diamorphic, bubblenest builder/cave brooder, difficult to keep.

Aquarium Parameters: pH 6.5-7.2: neutral water, temp: 71-770F (22-250C), low light, plants

Foods: Live/frozen foods, but will accept dry food

 

 


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